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Refrigerator water filters remove the contaminants and other particulates from the water that goes through the refrigerator’s water and ice dispenser. Water travels through miles of underground pipes before ever reaching homes or businesses. Along the way, it may collect lead from old pipes, agricultural runoff, and other harmful compounds. Most refrigerator filters are designed...
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Scale deposition is an indicator of hard water. Hardness of water is defined as the amount of dissolved calcium and magnesium in the water. Hard water is water with high hardness that contains very high amounts of calcium and magnesium. Groundwater typically has higher hardness as compared to surface water sources mainly because as water...
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Sulfates are formed due to a combination of sulfur and oxygen and are a part of naturally occurring minerals in some soil and rock formations that contain groundwater. The mineral dissolves over time and is released into groundwater. Sulfates can also be found in rainwater which is a result of industrialization and burning/ combustion of...
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Groundwater constitutes as one of the major sources of water in Dubai. Groundwater accounts for 44 percent of the total used water resources. There was a significant drop in groundwater levels of about 10 meters per decade until the mid-1990s, and 70 meters since then. The UAE is currently using groundwater reserves more than 20...
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According to the State of Energy Report (2015), the demand for water grew largely at a rate of 35.8 percent from 2008 to 201 in Dubai. The city of Dubai gets its drinking water from two main sources– desalination plants and groundwater wells. Although the water quality leaving the plant is good and as per...
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What is Microcystin? Microcystin is a toxin produced naturally in cyanobacteria, which are also known as blue-green algae. It is a type of cyanotoxin and can have several harmful effects on human health. Most Microcystins are hepatotoxins, meaning they affect the liver. However, not all blue-green algae species produce microcystin — and microcystin is only...
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SOURCE AND HEALTH IMPACT OF COPPER IN DRINKING WATER Copper is a metal that occurs naturally in rock, soil, plants, animals, and water. Since copper is easily shaped or molded, it is commonly used to make electrical wiring, and household plumbing materials. Copper may be combined with other metals to make brass and bronze pipes...
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OCCURRENCE AND IMPACT OF RADON IN DRINKING WATER  Radon is a naturally-occurring radioactive gas that may cause cancer, and may be found in drinking water and indoor air. Radon is a colorless, tasteless, odorless, radioactive gas. It occurs naturally and is produced by the breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water. It can also...
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Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water treatment process that removes contaminants from unfiltered water, or treated filtered water containing undesirable constituents or contaminants such as sediment, chlorine taste and odor, heavy metals, lead, etc. when pressure forces it through a semipermeable membrane. Water flows from the high concentration side (more contaminants) of the RO membrane...
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SOURCE OF MANGANESE IN DRINKING WATER Manganese is a mineral that is found naturally in the environment and is one of the most abundant metals on the earth’s surface, usually occurring with iron. It can be found in both groundwater and surface water from natural sources or because of anthropological activity such as mining and...
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